22
May
09

Amazon CloudWatch with Java/typica

Recently, Amazon announced that it’s CloudWatch service went into public beta. I’ve been involved with the private beta of this and the Elastic Load Balancing and Auto Scaling services. I’ve just completed testing of the CloudWatch monitoring service APIs in typica and thought I’d share some of what has been added.

First of all, the Jec2 class has 2 new methods, monitorInstances(..) and unmonitorInstances(..). They do exactly what you’d expect by turning monitoring on or off for one or more instances. What I think more people will use is the new flag on LaunchConfiguration to enable monitoring when you launch an instance. Also, if you describe instances, you’ll get the monitoring status back now also.

The real CloudWatch APIs are in their own package. I did this because it seems like while they are initially released for EC2, they are written to allow monitoring other service also (hence the namespace parameter). The new API has only two methods. The first lets you list the metrics you can query in the second call. To do this, you can use some code like this;

Monitoring mon = new Monitoring(props.getProperty(“aws.accessId”), props.getProperty(“aws.secretKey”));
List<Metric> metrix = mon.listMetrics();
for (Metric m : metrix) {
System.out.println(“name = “+m.getName()+”:”+m.getNamespace());
for (Dimension dim : m.getDimensions()) {
System.out.println(”   “+dim.getName()+”: “+dim.getValue());
}
}
Monitoring mon = new Monitoring(accessId, secretKey);
List<Metric> metrix = mon.listMetrics();
for (Metric m : metrix) {
	System.out.println("name = "+m.getName()+":"+m.getNamespace());
	for (Dimension dim : m.getDimensions()) {
		System.out.println("   "+dim.getName()+": "+dim.getValue());
	}
}
Here is some of the output (trucated because there is a lot more);
     [java] name = NetworkIn:AWS/EC2
     [java] name = NetworkOut:AWS/EC2
     [java]    ImageId: ami-85d037ec
     [java] name = NetworkOut:AWS/EC2
     [java] name = DiskWriteBytes:AWS/EC2
     [java]    InstanceType: m1.small
     [java] name = CPUUtilization:AWS/EC2
     [java]    InstanceType: m1.large
     [java] name = DiskWriteBytes:AWS/EC2
     [java]    InstanceType: m1.large
     [java] name = DiskReadOps:AWS/EC2
     [java]    InstanceId: i-1de3a674
     [java] name = DiskWriteOps:AWS/EC2
     [java]    InstanceType: m1.small
     [java] name = DiskReadOps:AWS/EC2
     [java]    ImageId: ami-24fa86b
     [java] name = DiskReadOps:AWS/EC2
     [java]    InstanceId: i-51423838

Once you have an instance or an image you’d like to monitor, you can use some code like this to fetch the data;

List<Statistics> stats = new ArrayList<Statistics>();
stats.add(Statistics.AVERAGE);

Map<String, String> dimensions = new HashMap<String, String>();
// can be InstanceId, InstanceType, ImageId
dimensions.put("ImageId", "ami-85d037ec");

Date end = new Date();	// that means now
end = new Date(end.getTime() + 3600000*5); // need to adjust for GMT
Date start = new Date(end.getTime() - 3600000*24);	// 1 days ago
MetricStatisticsResult result = mon.getMetricStatistics(
				60,	// must be multiple of 60
				stats,	// see above
				"AWS/EC2",
				dimensions,
				start,	// start of interval
				end,	// end of interval
				// can be NetworkIn, NetworkOut, DiskReadOps,
				// DiskWriteOps, DiskReadBytes, DiskWriteBytes,
				// CPUUtilization
				"CPUUtilization",
				StandardUnit.PERCENT,
				null);
System.out.println("metrics label = "+result.getLabel());
for (Datapoint dp : result.getDatapoints()) {
	System.out.println(dp.getTimestamp().getTime().toString()+
			" samples:"+dp.getSamples()+" "+dp.getAverage()+" "+dp.getUnit());
}
It can be useful monitor by ImageId when you’re running a pool of servers (like with the auto scaling service). I’ve tried to include comments within the code that indicate appropriate values because it can get complicated..
     [java] metrics label = CPUUtilization
     [java] Fri May 22 10:56:00 EDT 2009 samples:1.0 0.0 Percent
     [java] Fri May 22 11:42:00 EDT 2009 samples:1.0 0.0 Percent
     [java] Fri May 22 12:55:00 EDT 2009 samples:1.0 1.54 Percent
     [java] Fri May 22 12:41:00 EDT 2009 samples:1.0 0.0 Percent
     [java] Fri May 22 13:10:00 EDT 2009 samples:1.0 0.0 Percent
     [java] Fri May 22 10:09:00 EDT 2009 samples:1.0 0.0 Percent
     [java] Fri May 22 12:51:00 EDT 2009 samples:1.0 0.0 Percent
     [java] Fri May 22 12:40:00 EDT 2009 samples:1.0 0.0 Percent
     [java] Fri May 22 10:07:00 EDT 2009 samples:1.0 0.0 Percent
     [java] Fri May 22 13:41:00 EDT 2009 samples:1.0 0.0 Percent
     [java] Fri May 22 10:34:00 EDT 2009 samples:1.0 0.0 Percent
     [java] Fri May 22 12:01:00 EDT 2009 samples:1.0 0.0 Percent
     [java] Fri May 22 10:17:00 EDT 2009 samples:1.0 0.39 Percent
     [java] Fri May 22 11:39:00 EDT 2009 samples:1.0 1.15 Percent
     [java] Fri May 22 10:06:00 EDT 2009 samples:1.0 0.38 Percent
     [java] Fri May 22 12:10:00 EDT 2009 samples:1.0 0.0 Percent
     [java] Fri May 22 12:09:00 EDT 2009 samples:1.0 0.76 Percent
     [java] Fri May 22 13:46:00 EDT 2009 samples:1.0 0.0 Percent
     [java] Fri May 22 10:39:00 EDT 2009 samples:1.0 0.0 Percent
     [java] Fri May 22 12:11:00 EDT 2009 samples:1.0 0.0 Percent
     [java] Fri May 22 12:03:00 EDT 2009 samples:1.0 1.15 Percent
     [java] Fri May 22 11:32:00 EDT 2009 samples:1.0 0.0 Percent
     [java] Fri May 22 10:44:00 EDT 2009 samples:1.0 0.0 Percent
     [java] Fri May 22 12:45:00 EDT 2009 samples:1.0 0.0 Percent
This code is available in typica SVN as of r265. Look for typica release 1.6 which will contain CloudWatch, ElasticLoadBalancing and AutoScaling once a little more testing has been completed.
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2 Responses to “Amazon CloudWatch with Java/typica”


  1. June 4, 2010 at 7:41 am

    Hi ,

    I am trying to work with CloudWatch, i used the typica source code through SVN .

    But the response i am getting is not correct , please see the below :

    DiskReadBytes

    3929c8ae-6fa9-11df-9fd2-11355693f1ab

    I am getting only labal, not the value uses by CPUUtilization or any other metric.

    Even please suggest me what should the start time and end time would be?

    Please suggest me how to configure typica so, it will work for me, I am also getting an error while fetching metric i.e. Malformed URL or delegation URL.

    Looking for your support. Thanks

    Karunjay Anand
    Technology Lead,
    Artoo Technology
    India

  2. 2 Noor Kaloon
    November 4, 2011 at 4:44 am

    Very good code…wondering if you wrote any java code to publish custom metrics in AWS cloud watch; say number of page requests to each page in my website every minute..

    Or any pointers?

    Thanks


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